Second floor

Weaponry of the 14 to 19 centuries

On the second floor you will learn about the history of armament of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It shows the influence of the East and the West weaponry on the weapons of the old Lithuanian state. You will learn about the armours and weapons of Crusaders and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 13th and 14th centuries (daggers, arrow and crossbow arrow tips), firearms and explosive weapons from the era of the Battle of Žalgiris, cavalry and infantry armament from the 16th to 18th centuries, armour, and war trophies. Among the various functional-utilitarian (used in battles) exhibits there are also representative ones. These are salute canons used for greetings of important visitors, weapons (halberds, combat hammers) indicating the officer rank, notifying the unit flag or commemorating some festive occasion, for example, a sword to commemorate the Constitution of the Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth of 1791.

Cannons and mortar.

Every army always had to be provided with food. Hunting was one of the ways of doing that. The exhibition contains hunting tools: a spear, a crossbow and a balestere (crossbow shooting bullets), served for food supply and / or for nobility leisure.

Through exhibits you will learn about the diversity of the army of Lithuania, compare the armament of an ordinary infantryman, a noble knight or a mercenary, and imagine how a social status (caste, ethnicity) could affect the weaponry.


In the centre of the hall you will find a painting of Prof. Giedrius Kazimierėnas made in 2012: “The Battle of Žalgiris. The Day of Wrath”. This is one of the artist's works about the history of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The painting shows the dénouement of the 150-year-long struggles between the Western crusaders against Grand Duchy of Lithuania that ended with one of the most important military victories of Lithuania and Poland – the Battle of Žalgiris. The painting is full of a variety of features, including historical figures (Jogaila, Vytautas the Great, Ulrich von Jungingen), religious figures, individual soldiers and various creative solutions.

Not only exhibits have the great value. The room itself – the second-floor hall – is a monument to the past with Romanesque features (shooting loops), and the Baltic masonry technology elements. As the room compared to the upper floors is well preserved, you will see more authenticity. It is believed it was a storage of the crew arms and weapons, and food stocks.

Crusaders Tapestry